The context

05/Paris – innovative and sustainable

  • 1954 – A Sprague train stops at the platform of Line 9 at Porte de Montreuil
    1954 – A Sprague train stops at the platform of Line 9 at Porte de Montreuil
  • Construction of the Line 7 under-river crossing between Sully-Morland and Jussieu, completed in July 1930
    Construction of the Line 7 under-river crossing between Sully-Morland and Jussieu, completed in July 1930
  • Building Paris’s district heating network in 1930
    Building Paris’s district heating network in 1930

THE FOUNDATIONS OF A SUSTAINABLE CITY STARTING WITH HAUSSMANN…

1853 to 1870: Paris is totally redesigned to create a city with all public utilities

The city develops a pioneering water and sanitation network, reorganises the gas supply and installs street lighting. By the 1840s, half of Paris has gas lamps.

This is also the era when new railway stations are built (Gare de Lyon, Gare du Nord) and parks and gardens are laid out. More than 80,000 trees are planted in Paris streets during this period.

In 1878 the first electric street lights are installed on avenue de l’Opéra in Paris and in 1900 the Métro opens to the first passengers.

A district heating network is built in the 1920s. Paris’s district heating network is the oldest in France and one of the largest in the world. It has been run since the outset under public utility contract, signed in 1927.

…AND CONTINUING WITH THE METROPOLITAN CLIMATE STRATEGY…